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Selasa, 24 Februari 2015

Colored Stone Pictures

Colored Stone Pictures

Sumber: http://geology.com/gemstones/gems/


Welcome to our collection of colored stones from around the world. It includes the most popular such as ruby, emerald, sapphire and opal. It also contains dozens of less-well-known gems such as diopside (which is a great emerald alternative) and iolite (which has the rich blue color of sapphire). Many of these gems exhibit phenomena such as asterism, aventurescence, chatoyance, play-of-color, adularescence, iridescence, and labradorescence. Many are rarely seen in jewelry because they are not well known or plentiful enough to be widely marketed.
actinolite

Actinolite (Cat's Eye)


Actinolite is green to grayish green mineral of the amphibole group found in metamorphic rocks. It sometimes has a fibrous texture that produces strong cat's eye.
agate

Agate


Agate is a cryptocrystalline quartz that is translucent and patterned with bands, plumes, dendrites, or inclusions that produce a colorful, interesting appearance. It is a popular gem cut into cabochons, beads, and ornamental objects.
almandine garnet

Almandine Garnet


Almandine garnet, also known as "almandite," is an iron-rich, red-to-purple garnet that is geologically very common and typically sells on the more affordable side of the garnet price range. For that reason, it is common in jewelry.
Amazonite

Amazonite


Amazonite is a trade name given to a light green to bright green variety of microcline feldspar. It has a Mohs hardness of 6 with perfect cleavage, so it is best used where it will not suffer abrasion or impact.
amber

Amber


Amber is a fossilized resin that was secreted by ancient trees. It usually has a yellowish to orangish brown color but can be white, greenish, bluish or even black. It is easily cut and polished into bright, lightweight gems.
amethyst

Amethyst


Amethyst is a transparent variety of quartz that ranges from light lilac to deep purple in color. It is one of the most popular faceted gemstones and is sometimes cut en cabochon. It is found in deposits around the world.
ametrine

Ametrine


Ametrine is a bicolor quartz that is half AMEthyst and half ciTRINE. The color combination is caused by twinning. Mined commercially at only one mine in the world, located in eastern Bolivia.
Ammolite

Ammolite


Ammolite is a trade name used for iridescent ammonite shell material. It produces a bright flash of color that rivals fine opal and labradorite. All of the world's production comes from a small area in Alberta, Canada.
Ammonite

Ammonite


An extinct group of marine invertebrate animals that produced a chambered shell. Their fossilized shells are often cut and used as an ornamental or jewelry stone.
andalusite

Andalusite


Andalusite is a metamorphic mineral that is strongly pleochroic and is underappreciated as a gem. A variety known as chiastolite has grains of graphite concentrated into a cross-shaped feature.
ant hill garnet

Ant Hill Garnet


Ant hill garnet is a novelty gem that ants excavate, haul to the surface and deposit on their ant hill. These red chrome pyrope garnets are often found on ant hills in parts of the southwestern USA.
apatite

Apatite


Apatite is a mineral that is cut as a gem when found in clear crystals with attractive colors. It has a hardness of 5 on the Mohs scale and is brittle. It is a "collector's gem" rather than a jewelry gem.
aquamarine

Aquamarine


Aquamarine is a blue variety of the mineral beryl. It receives its name from its seawater color. It ranges from a very light blue to a richly saturated blue, with the richer color being much more desired.
aventurine

Aventurine


Aventurine quartz that contains a blizzard of tiny reflective mineral inclusions such as mica grains or hematite flakes. When light enters the quartz it hits the reflective grains which produce a sparkle known as aventurescence.
azurite

Azurite


A beautiful dark blue opaque gemstone found near copper deposits. Often associated with malachite and chrysocolla. It is soft (H: 3.5-4) and cleaves easily. Cut into cabochons for jewelry that will not encounter wear.
beryl

Beryl


"Beryl" is a mineral with several gem varieties based upon color. Green beryl is emerald. Blue is aquamarine. Pink is morganite. Yellow and yellow-green are heliodor. Red is red beryl. Clear is goshenite.
black opal

Black Opal


The name "black opal" is used for an opal with a black base color. This opal has blue play-of-color on a black base. There are many types of opal.
bloodstone

Bloodstone


Bloodstone is a dark green variety of jasper that has numerous splashes of red color. These red splashes remind people of blood, and that is how the stone received its name.
boulder opal

Boulder Opal


"Boulder opal" is a name used for a rough or cut material that displays precious opal within its surrounding rock matrix. There are many types of opal.
bronzite

Bronzite


A bronze to greenish variety of enstatite with a metallic luster that is sometimes cut and polished as a gemstone.
bumblebee

Bumblebee


Often called Bumblebee "Agate" or "Jasper", it is instead a rock formed at several volcanic vents in Indonesia. Some specimens reportedly contains arsenic. Not recommended for jewelry or other extended contact with your skin.
chalcedony

Chalcedony


Chalcedony is a name used for any cryptocrystalline quartz such as agate, jasper, petrified wood, chrysoprase, bloodstone, onyx, sard, and carnelian. Some people reserve the name for a blue, unbanded, translucent material.
charoite

Charoite


Charoite is a light lavender to deep purple silicate mineral that has swirling, fibrous, or spotted patterns. It is a rare and relatively new gem material, discovered in Russia in 1978.
chinese writing stone

Chinese Writing Stone


A very interesting black metamorphosed limestone that contains geometric crystals of andalusite. Named because some people think the white andalusite crystal shapes remind them of "chinese writing".
chrysoberyl

Chrysoberyl


Chrysoberyl, a gem unrelated to "beryl," is an "extreme gem." It has a hardness of 8.5, a very high luster, and a high index of refraction. It is sometimes a color-change stone and is best known for its "cat's eye."
cat's eye chrysoberyl

Chrysoberyl Cat's Eye


Chrysoberyl often contains oriented inclusions that produce a sharp line of light across the surface of the stone in reflected light. This optical phenomenon is known as a "cat's eye."
chrysocolla

Chrysocolla


Chrysocolla is a green to blue-green gem material that forms during the oxidation of copper deposits. The cab on the left is malachite with chrysocolla. The cab on the right is blue chrysocolla in white quartz.
citrine

Citrine


Citrine is a transparent variety of quartz that ranges from golden yellow to yellowish orange to golden brown in color. It is usually cut as a faceted stone and is sometimes produced by applying heat treatment to amethyst.
common opal

Common Opal


Common opal is an opal material that does not exhibit a "play-of-color." Most common opal is common in appearance, but some is spectacular in color or pattern. There are many types of opal.
coral

Coral


Coral is a colonial organism that lives in warm, shallow marine waters and often develops reefs. It is a hard calcium carbonate material that can be cut or carved and polished into beautiful gems.
crinoid

Crinoidal Limestone


Crinoids are organisms that once lived on the ocean floor. They looked like a plant but were actually an invertebrate animal. Their fossils can be found in limestone that can often be used to produce interesting gems.
crystal opal

Crystal Opal


Crystal opal is a term used for transparent-to-translucent opal material that has a play-of-color within the stone. There are many types of opal.
cultured pearls

Cultured Pearls


Cultured pearls are produced by placing small "seeds" of shell material within a live freshwater mussel. The mussel then coats the seed with successive layers of nacre to form a pearl. They are produced in a variety of shapes.
demantoid garnet

Demantoid Garnet


Demantoid is a calcium-rich garnet. It has the highest dispersion (ability to separate white light into colors of the spectrum) of any gemstone - higher than diamond. This gives demantoid an exceptional "fire."
diamond

Diamond


The most popular gemstone and hardest natural material. A nearly colorless diamond is set in most engagement rings sold in the United States. The custom of giving an engagement diamond is spreading to other countries.
dinosaur bone

Dinosaur Bone


Dinosaur bone is often petrified (fossilized by being infilled and replaced by quartz). The quartz can be very colorful. When the petrification is thorough, the material can be cut and polished into attractive gems.
diopside

Diopside


Diopside is a magnesium, calcium silicate mineral. It often contains traces of chromium that cause a vivid green color. These stones are known as "chrome diopside" and can serve as an alternative gem for emerald.
diorite

Diorite


Diorite is an igneous rock that can accept a bright polish. It is usually a mixture of dark and light-colored minerals. When these are of attractive colors, the rock can be cut into nice cabochons, beads, and other lapidary items.
dumortierite

Dumortierite


Dumortierite is a dark blue to dark greenish-blue mineral found in metamorphic rocks. It is typically opaque and used to produce cabochons, beads and tumbled stones
emerald

Emerald


Emerald is the gemstone name of the mineral beryl when it has a rich green color. It is the most popular stone from the beryl mineral group. Most emeralds have abundant inclusions and fractures.
eudialyte

Eudialyte


Eudialyte is a rare mineral found in igneous rocks. It serves as a minor ore of zirconium and as a minor gem mineral. It occurs in yellow, brown and bluish crystals - but bright red specimens are favored as a collector's gem.
fancy sapphires

Fancy Sapphire


"Fancy sapphire" is a name used for a gem corundum that has a body color other than blue (sapphire) or red (ruby).
fire opal

Fire Opal


A translucent-to-transparent opal with a warm background color of yellow, orange or red. It may or may not exhibit a "play-of-color." The warm, uniform background color is what defines the stone. There are many types of opal.
fluorite

Fluorite


A mineral composed of calcium and fluorine (CaF2) that can be colorful and attractive and is often cut as a gemstone.
fossil coral

Fossil Coral / Bryozoan


Coral and bryozoans are organisms that live in warm, shallow marine waters. They are often fossilized by being infilled and replaced with quartz or calcite. These materials can be polished into attractive gems.
garnet

Garnet


Garnet is the name of a group of minerals with a common crystal structure, but they vary in composition. Most garnets are red in color, but the stone also occurs in orange, yellow, purple, green, pink, black, and other colors.
garnet (star)

Garnet (Star)


Rare specimens of garnet contain a rutile silk that allows them to display a four- or six-ray star when cut properly. They are highly valued and found in commercial quantities only in India, Madagascar, and Idaho.
helenite

Helenite


A man-made glass produced by fusing ash from the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption. It is sold in novelty jewelry to tourists visiting the eruption site.
heliodor

Heliodor


Heliodor is the name given to yellow to yellow-green gems of the beryl mineral group. They can be attractive, durable, high-clarity stones with a relatively low price. Surprisingly, they are infrequently seen in jewelry.
hematite

Hematite


Hematite is an iron oxide mineral and the primary ore of iron. It occasionally occurs in a silver metallic form that can be polished to a mirror-bright luster. Cabs cut from hematite are very popular and have a very "weighty" feel.
hemimorphite

Hemimorphite


Hemimorphite is a zinc silicate mineral that occurs in white, blue and greenish blue colors. It is a minor ore of zinc. It lacks durability and is used as a collector's gem or in jewelry that will be subject to light wear.
hessonite garnet

Hessonite Garnet


Hessonite is a variety of grossular garnet that is rich in iron and manganese. It has an orange to red-orange to reddish brown color and is sometimes called "cinnamon stone." It is occasionally seen in jewelry.
iolite

Iolite


Iolite is the name given to gem-quality cordierite. It is a strongly pleochroic gem material that, when properly oriented, can produce gemstones with a deep bluish color similar to sapphire and tanzanite.
iris agate

Iris Agate


Iris agate is a finely banded agate with a spectacular display of color when it is cut into thin pieces and illuminated from a direction that sends light through its very thin bands.
jade

Jade


An extremely durable material that has been fashioned into gems, sculptures, tools, and weapons for thousands of years. Extremely popular in China. There are two varieties: jadeite and nephrite.
jaspagate

Jaspagate


A variety of chalcedony that displays characteristics of both jasper and agate. It has both opaque areas and translucent areas.
jasper

Jasper


A variety of opaque chalcedony that is often brightly colored by impurity inclusions. It can be almost any color and is popular as beads, cabochons and tumbled stones.
jet

Jet


Jet is a coal with a uniform texture that can be cut into attractive black gems. It was popular in mourning jewelry of Victorian England. It has a low specific gravity, which makes a long strand of beads lighter than expected.
kyanite

Kyanite


A metamorphic mineral that occurs in beautiful hues of blue and green. It has perfect cleavage and has a hardness of 4.5 in one direction, 5.5 in another, making it best used in items that will not be subjected to wear.
labradorite

Labradorite


A gemstone from the plagioclase feldspar family that produces flashes of iridescent blue, green, yellow, orange, or red when moved under incident light. This luster is known as labradorescence.
lapis lazuli

Lapis Lazuli


A blue metamorphic rock that has been used as a gemstone for over 6000 years and as a pigment for at least 1000 years. It is a popular gem material used for cabochons, beads, inlay and small sculptures.
larimar

Larimar


Larimar is a rare blue variety of pectolite found only in the Dominican Republic. It is popular because of its delicate blue color. It must be used with care because it is fragile and will fade with long exposure to bright light.
lemon quartz

Lemon Quartz


Lemon quartz is a yellow variety of quartz that is transparent to translucent. It is often cut as a faceted stone or cut en cabochon.
lepidolite

Lepidolite


A lithium-rich mica with a rose to lilac color and an aventurescent luster that is sometimes used to make cabochons, tumbled stones and other lapidary projects.
malachite

Malachite


Malachite is a heavy, opaque, green gemstone marked with bands and swirls. It is a copper carbonate mineral that is soft and cleaves easily. It is best used in items that will not be subjected to abrasion or impact.
malaya garnet

Malaya Garnet


Malaya is a pink to pinkish brown or reddish variety of garnet. Compositionally, it is a mixture of pyrope, almandine, and spessartine. It is occasionally seen in jewelry.
mali garnet

Mali Garnet


Mali is a yellow to yellowish green variety of garnet, named after the African country of Mali. It is a mixture of grossular and andradite that is occasionally seen in jewelry.
Mary Ellen

Mary Ellen Jasper


Mary Ellen is a rock that consists of red jasper and silvery hematite. The jasper is a fossil stromatolite, a layered structure built up by sediment-trapping algae that lived on Earth about two billion years ago - long before land plants.
matrix opal

Matrix Opal


Matrix opal is a material in which precious opal is in an intimate mixture with the host rock, instead of being confined to seams and patches. There are many types of opal.
maw sit sit

Maw Sit Sit


Maw sit sit is a rock composed of jadeite, albite, and kosmochlor (a mineral related to jadeite). It is attractive, has a bright chrome green color and accepts a bright polish, and for those reasons it is used as a gemstone.
 
  
melanite garnet

Melanite Garnet


Melanite is a lustrous, black, opaque variety of garnet that is not often seen in jewelry. It is a titanium garnet of the Andradite group and is sometimes called "titanian andradite".
moldavite

Moldavite


Moldavite is a glassy material that is thought to have formed when a large asteroid impacted a location in Europe about 15 million years ago. The target rock and impactor melted and solidified into an olive green glass.
mookaite

Mookaite


A colorful gem material mined in Australia that forms from the deposition and lithification of a sediment composed of the silica tests of radiolarians. It is a popular material for cabochons and beads.
moonstone

Moonstone


Moonstone is a name given to translucent orthoclase feldspar that exhibits adularescence (a white-to-bluish light that floats under the surface of the stone when it is turned under a source of light).
morganite

Morganite


Morganite, also called "pink beryl," is the pink- to salmon-colored gemstone member of the beryl mineral group.
moss agate

Moss Agate


Moss agate is a transparent-to-translucent chalcedony that contains mineral inclusions that are shaped like moss, trees, leaves, or other vegetation. Material from Montana localities is very popular.
mother of pearl

Mother of Pearl


Mother of pearl, also known as "MOP," is the thin inner nacreous layer of a mollusk shell. It can be white, cream, or gray in color with a beautiful iridescent play-of-color. Used in jewelry, buttons, musical instruments, and more.
nephrite

Nephrite


Nephrite and jadeite are two very similar minerals that are both known as "jade." Nephrite is the more abundant and less valuable mineral of the pair - but it can still have great beauty and appeal.
ocean jasper

Ocean Jasper


A gem material named because it is found below the high tide line of a Madagascar ocean beach. It is patterned with beautiful eyes and bands in a wide variety of colors. It also can grade from agate to jasper in a single stone.
onyx

Onyx


Onyx is the name given to a black chalcedony with parallel white banding or a red chalcedony with white banding. High-quality pieces are sometimes used to carve cameos.
peanut wood

Peanut Wood


A variety of petrified wood from Australia. Some pieces have white markings that remind people of peanuts. It is a fossil driftwood that has been bored by marine clams.
pearls

Pearls


Pearls are a very popular gem material. They are produced by shellfish, and people have used them for personal adornment for thousands of years. These are cultured freshwater pearls produced in Tennessee.
peridot

Peridot


Peridot is a popular green gemstone from the olivine mineral series. It is widely used in commercial jewelry and is a birthstone for the month of August.
petrified palm

Petrified Palm


Louisiana has been the "bayou state" for over 100 million years. During that history, many palms have been fossilized. Today they are called "petrified palm wood" (but they really are not wood) and polished into beautiful gems.
petrified wood

Petrified Wood


A fossil that is formed when woody material is buried, then dissolved materials in groundwater precipitate to replace and infill the wood structure with silica, opal, or other mineral material.
pinfire opal

Pinfire Opal


An opal that exhibits pin points of fire instead of a broad flash is known as "pinfire opal." There are many types of opal.
precious opal

Precious Opal


A spectacular gemstone that produces flashes of iridescent color when moved under incident light. The color display is known as "play-of-color." There are many types of opal.
prehnite

Prehnite


Prehnite is a calcium aluminum silicate mineral. Specimens with nice color and clarity are often cut as gems. This gemmy yellow prehnite cabochon was cut from material mined in Australia.
purpurite

Purpurite


Purpurite is a manganese phosphate mineral with a bold purple color that is often cut into cabochons. It has a low hardness (4 to 5) so is best used in jewelry that is not expected to receive rough wear.
pyrope

Pyrope


Pyrope is a magnesium aluminum garnet that is usually red in color. It is often formed in the mantle and transported to the surface in deep-source volcanic eruptions that form diamond deposits.
quartz

Quartz


Quartz is the most common mineral in Earth's crust and often occurs in colored gem-quality crystals. These include rose quartz, amethyst, smoky quartz, citrine, lemon quartz, and others.
quartz rock crystal

Quartz, Rock Crystal


Clear quartz is a common mineral material that is sometimes cut as a gem. It is often called "crystal quartz" or "rock crystal." It is the state mineral of Arkansas.
quartz (rutilated)

Quartz (Rutilated)


Rare specimens of clear quartz have needle-shaped inclusions of rutile. These can be used to cut interesting and attractive cabochons and faceted stones.
quartz (tourmalinated)

Quartz (Tourmalinated)


Rare specimens of clear quartz have needle-shaped inclusions of tourmaline. These can be used to cut interesting and attractive cabochons and faceted stones.
rhodolite garnet

Rhodolite Garnet


Rhodolite is a purplish red to violet-red variety of garnet that is a combination of pyrope and almandine. It often has wonderful color and clarity at a relatively low cost - and that is helping it become popular in jewelry.
rhodochrosite

Rhodochrosite


Rhodochrosite is a manganese carbonate mineral that is popular because of its beautiful pink color. It is typically has lacy or concentric bands. Its softness limits its use to earrings, pendants, pins and other low-abrasion items..
rhodonite

Rhodonite


Rhodonite is a manganese mineral that sometimes occurs in a very attractive pink color. Usually translucent-to-opaque, it is a popular gem material. Rarely, it is transparent and used for faceting.
rose quartz

Rose Quartz


Rose quartz is a translucent-to-transparent variety of quartz with a light to deep pink color. It is a gem material that is very common in nature. It is usually cut into cabs and occasionally faceted.
ruby

Ruby


Ruby is the most popular colored stone. When the mineral known as corundum is of gem quality and a vivid red color, it is called "ruby." Historically mined in Asia, many rubies such as these are now being found in Africa.
ruby in fuchsite

Ruby in Fuchsite


Fuchsite is a metamorphic mica with a green color that often contains bright red corundum crystals or "rubies". It is often carved and cut into cabochons. Frequently confused with "ruby in zoisite".
ruby in zoisite

Ruby in Zoisite


Ruby in zoisite is an interesting material. Massive green zoisite often contains bright red ruby crystals. The color combination makes an attractive and unique gem material. It is often cut and carved into small sculptures.
sand dollar

Sand Dollar


Sand dollars found on beaches today are remains of a group of animals that has lived in the oceans for millions of years. Their bodies are often agatized by nature and then found by people who polish them into gems.
sapphire

Sapphire


Sapphire is a gem variety of the mineral corundum. When it is reddish blue to violet-blue, it is known simply as "sapphire." Corundums of any other color (except red, which is ruby) are known as "fancy sapphires."
star sapphire

Sapphire, Star


Star sapphire contains elongated crystals of rutile aligned in three different directions that cause a properly cut stone to display a six-ray star. This phenomenon is known as "asterism."
sardonyx

Sardonyx


Sardonyx is a member of the chalcedony family. It is a banded agate that contains bands of bright red alternating with agate of other colors.
scapolite

Scapolite


Scapolite is a metamorphic mineral that sometimes occurs in transparent gem-quality crystals that make beautiful faceted gems. Some specimens contain a silk that can produce a strong cat's eye.
scapolite (cat's eye)

Scapolite (Cat's Eye)


Cat's eye scapolite is a gem-quality scapolite with a silk of parallel mineral fibers. When cut as a cabochon, light striking the stone reflects from the mineral silk to produce an "eye" that moves across the stone.
septarian

Septarian


"Septarian" is a name used for round concretions with internal mineral-filled fractures found in sedimentary rocks. They are often cut into cabochons that display the interesting geometry of the fracture network.
seraphinite

Seraphinite


Seraphinite is a trade name used for a gem material composed of the mineral clinochlore. It is usually greenish in color and marked with fibrous or feather-like patterns. Its hardness is only 3 to 4 and is reserved for delicate use.
serpentine

Serpentine


A silicate mineral, that occurs in a wide range of green and greenish colors with interesting patterns that is often cut into cabochons or used as an ornamental stone.
siderite

Siderite


Siderite is an iron carbonate mineral with a very high dispersion. Transparent crystals of siderite with great clarity can be cut into attractive gemstones with a strong fire. It is too soft for most jewelry and is a collector's stone.
sillimanite (cat's eye)

Sillimanite (Cat's Eye)


Sillimanite is a metamorphic mineral that often has a fine fibrous silk. When properly cut, cabochons of the material can reflect a sharp cat's eye.
silver ore

Silver Ore


Silver is a precious metal that is often present as visible crystals in its ore. Some people enjoy seeing the bright metal reflecting from the surface of a cabochon. It is a novelty gem.
smithsonite

Smithsonite


Smithsonite is a zinc carbonate mineral that serves as a minor ore of zinc and as a minor gem mineral. It is relatively soft and used as a collector's gem and in jewelry that is unlikely to receive abrasion or impact.
smoky quartz

Smoky Quartz


Smoky quartz is a grayish brown to nearly black variety of transparent quartz. It is often cut as a faceted stone or cabochon. Upon heating, it will sometimes change in color to yellow or yellowish brown citrine.
sodalite

Sodalite


A feldspathoid mineral that ranges in color from white to blue to violet blue. It is often used to make cabochons, tumbled stones and other lapidary projects.
spectrolite

Spectrolite


Some specimens of gem-quality labradorite have exceptional color and labradorescence. These unusual gems are given the name "spectrolite" because of the spectrum of colors that they reflect.
spessartine garnet

Spessartine Garnet


Spessartine is also known as "spessartite" or as "mandarin garnet" because of its yellow-orange to orange-red color. It is a popular variety of garnet used in jewelry.
sphene

Sphene


Sphene, also known as titanite, is a gem with a dispersion higher than diamond. Specimens of high clarity can be cut into gems with a brilliant fire. Its softness limits its use to earrings, pins, pendants, and low-abrasion jewelry pieces.
spinel

Spinel


A mineral of many colors that has been treasured as a gem for thousands of years. It was often confused with ruby and sapphire. Many of these errors were not discovered until the 20th century.
spodumene

Sugilite


Sugilite is a rare silicate mineral only discovered in 1994. It occurs in yellow, brown, pink and purple and is often combined with quartz. The purple color has become very popular in the lapidary trade. Its high price limits its popularity.
sunstone

Sunstone


A plagioclase feldspar that can be a colorful transparent gem. It can also contain plate-shaped copper inclusions that produce an aventurescent flash when moved under incident light. These specimens are from Oregon.
tanzanite

Tanzanite


Tanzanite is a rare and popular blue variety of zoisite produced from a small location in the African country of Tanzania. It is a birthstone for the month of December and is an alternative stone for blue sapphire.
tektite

Tektite


Tektites are fragments of ejecta produced when an asteroid struck Earth about 800,000 years ago. The impact melted the target rock and scattered a black glass in a strewn field across Southeast Asia.
thulite

Thulite


Thulite is a rare, pink, gem-quality variety of zoisite. It can be cut into beautiful cabochons, beads, small sculptures, and other lapidary items.
tiger's eye

Tiger's Eye


Tiger's eye is a material that forms when quartz replaces crocidolite. When it is cut into a cabochon with its fibrous structure parallel to the bottom of the stone, a chatoyance, or cat's-eye effect, is produced.
tiger iron

Tiger Iron


Tiger iron is a rock composed of alternating bands of silver hematite, gold tiger's eye, and red jasper. It is cut into attractive and interesting cabochons, beads, spheres, and other lapidary items.
Tiffany stone

Tiffany Stone


Also known as "bertrandite," Tiffany stone is a beautiful material that is thought to be an opalized fluorite. Found at one beryllium mine site in Utah.
topaz

Topaz


Topaz is a popular gem. It is usually clear to amber in color when mined. It can be heated, coated, or irradiated to produce other colors that include "Swiss blue," "London blue," bright pink, and soft pink.
tourmaline

Tourmaline


Tourmaline is a silicate mineral that occurs in a wide range of attractive colors. It is a very durable gem material that is popular with jewelry makers.
tourmaline (bicolor)

Tourmaline (Bicolor)


When tourmaline crystals grow, the composition of their growth fluid can change. Color-zoned crystals might be the result. These crystals can be cut into interesting bicolor stones. Some are known as watermelon.   :-)
tsavorite garnet

Tsavorite Garnet


Tsavorite is a calcium-rich garnet known for its brilliant green color. It sometimes serves as an alternative stone to emerald. It is the most important green garnet and one of the rarest and most valuable colored stones.
turquoise

Turquoise


A copper mineral with a bright blue to blue-green color. The color is so familiar and liked that the word "turquoise" is used in the English language as the name of a color. Only a few gems have a color this familiar.
turritella

Turritella Agate


Decades ago, this agate was named "Turritella" after the fossil snails that it contains. That name is incorrect because the snails were misidentified. The proper name should be "Elimia agate" after the snail Elimia tenera.
unakite

Unakite


Unakite is an igneous rock that contains green epidote and pink orthoclase feldspar. It can be coarse or fine grained. It is popular as cabochons, beads and small sculpturers.
variscite

Variscite


A mineral that is similar to turquoise in mode of formation and composition. It even looks like turquoise but in a blue-green to yellowish green color. Cut into cabochons, but its use is limited because it is soft (H: 4.5).
vesuvianite

Vesuvianite


Vesuvianite is a mineral formed by the contact metamorphism of limestone. It is often an attractive translucent green color that reminds people of jade. Rare transparent crystals are faceted. Named after Mt. Vesuvius.
white opal

White Opal


"Light opal" or "white opal" are terms used for an opal material with a white, yellow, or cream-colored body color. This is the most common body color for precious opal. There are many types of opal.
zircon

Zircon


Zircon is a hard, durable gem that occurs in a variety of colors. It has a high dispersion which produces a nice fire. Colorless pieces have been used as alternatives to diamond.

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